Innerspring Mattresses
Topper Overlays

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Contents &

Real beds are constructed from a selected range of high quality and time-tested products, with a preference for local and natural components.
use of natural components produces a heavier mattress, as noted by Choice Online: "the more expensive mattress the heavier." (1)

Some vital components, such as the needled wool felt and needled hemp pads, are in strictly limited supply, and the 350 gm. lapper wool is made exclusively for real beds by South Australia's premier wool procesor.

Most components are sourced either on the roll or by the bolt, enabling each pad or panel to be hand cut to size, and ensuring the innerspring unit is always generously encased by the upholstery fillings.

Innerspring Unit Upholstery
Fabric and Threads
Tufts and Buttons Base Frames Alternative Components

Innerspring Unit
Mattress Innerspring Unit
The Bonelli innerspring unit is manufactured locally in Australia 

A standard double spring unit is comprised of 312 coils (312 type) of 13 gauge-2.34mm sprung steel with an 8 gauge- 4mm edge support frame.
It is the dominant and most durable mattress spring design.

Cot Mattress Innerspring Unit

The real mattress cot innerspring unit is manufactured without the common rigid steel edge frame that significantly provides rigidity to a innerspring unit.

In the case of a cot mattress, this firmness is excessive for the light-weight of an infant, and the real cot spring is edged by a helical coil wire.


Jute Hessian

Woven from natural jute, hessian is used
universally as the initial foundation layer in all quality uphostery.

All read beds innerspring units are fully boxed with 18oz. jute hessian,
see construction.

Jute Webbing

A heavy weight webbing, woven from natural jute, hessian is used
universally as the initial foundation layer in all quality uphostery.

All read beds innerspring units are fully boxed with 18oz. jute hessian and the edge frame  bound with jute webbing.
see construction.

Coconut coir pads
Coconut coir is a natural fibre harvested from the husk of the coconut.
A heavy duty fibre pad with minimal moisture retention and maximum ventilation, it is renewable, recyclable and biodegradable.
The superior foundation pad, it was manufactured for decades by Fibertex P/L  and Albion-Riley
of Alexandria, but is no longer available.

It is now only occasionally available from recycled items.

Needled Hemp Pad
Hemp is a natural fibre grown in Australia.
A medium coarse fibre pad,
it is renewable, recyclable, biodegradable, and with low moisture retention and excellent ventilation.
Grown and processed in Australia by Fibretex P/L,

Grown in Australia and processed exclusively for real beds by Fibretex P/L, now in limited stock only.

Needled Wool Felt Pad
The needled wool felt pad is an optimal mattress component, hard wearing and providing excellent ventilation.

Renewable, recyclable and biodegradable; it is unsurpassed when used as either a foundation and/or a support pad.

rown in Australia and processed exclusively for real beds by Fibretex P/L, now in limited stock only.

Needled Cotton Felt Pad

The cotton feft pad recycles long staple length cotton offcuts from the fashion industry into a needled
foundation insulation pad that is hard wearing and provides excellent ventilation.

Biodegradeable and Australian manufactured.

Latex Rubber Sheets

Latex is extracted from the rubber tree in liquid form and provides superior resilience and support as well as being a renewable resource.

It is non-allergenic, mould free, dust free and resists moisture build up due to the open-cell ventilation properties

Polyurethane Foam Sheets
HR3G-110 Flame Retardant Foam)

Polyurethane foam is manufactured in Australia from petroleum by-products.
Foam use is kept to a minimum in real beds and is always internally sandwiched between layers of natural fibre.
While available in eight different densities, only a high resilience grade foam is used in real mattress and bases.

Reinforced Bonded Cerix Foam

This bonded foam is used as the backing for realbeds borders.

Laper Wool
The superior mattress filling, this 350 gm. pure wool pad is made exclusively for real beds by South Australia's premier wool processor.  
 A natural spring, wool combines high compression resilience with exceptional moisture absorption properties, and as a natural insulator it maintains a constant temperature.
 It is also flame
resistant, recyclable, biodegradable and a renewable source.
In all seasons
, wool  is remarkably comfortable.
During winter it provides warmth, without a tendency to overheat, while in summer wool's moisture absorbency assists to maintain a comfortable temperature.
When used in multiple layers, it is necessary that the mattress is hand tufted to ensure long-term stability. 
A layer of laper wool is always the prime sleeping surface of all real mattresses, directly underneath the cover. 

Fabrics and Threads

Cotton Polyester Damask

This imported cotton-polyester
damask is hard wearing, with excellent ventilation, and a non-slip texture.

Its loose weave construction is essential for the extensive hand needle-work required by the black label real mattress..

270 grams per metre.

100% Natural Cotton Herringbone Twill

This classic heavy-weight herringbone twill fabric is
100% cotton.
The colour is that of natural cotton - unbleached and un-dyed.
Like all real beds fabrics, it is hard wearing, has excellent ventilation, and a non-slip texture.

Cotton is a natural, recyclable and biodegradable.

290 grams per metre

Striped Border Fabrics

A selection of heavy weight striped upholstery fabrics used as border cloth in combination with the 
natural herringbone twill fabric is 100% cotton.the
The colour is that of natural cotton - unbleached and un-dyed.
Like all real beds fabris, it is hard wearing, has excellent ventilation, and a non-slip texture.

Cotton is a natural, recyclable and biodegradeable.

Suitable fabrics should be, ideally, around 290 grams per metre.

Cotton Calico

A general purpose cotton fabric, it is mostly used by real beads as the safety-stitched hem on all cut edges, as a backing on upholstered bases, and a for corner inserts.

Cotton is a natural, recyclable and biodegradable.


The covers are sewn with Australian manufactured cotton binding tapes and threads.

All cut edges are over-locked and safety-stitched with spun polyester.


Ruby Italian Jute Spring Twine is used for all internal construction and hand tufting.

Tufts and Buttons

Tufts are either woolen felt, supplied by Felt Distribution Australia, or leather, supplied by Birdsall Bros, of both of Botany, NSW.
The leather and felt tufts are press-cut by Birdsall Bros.
The fabric covered upholstery buttons are supplied by All Buttons Great and Small, King Street, Newtown.



Wool- Handmade

Real Base 
Innerspring and Timber Box Frame
The exclusive designed real beds base is full innerspring unit boxed a plantation pine frame with timber side-panels, assembled by professional furniture frame manufacturers, Sydney.

Hooded twin-wheel castor with oversized steel washer.
Each castor load-rated at 50 kilo.
Single beds are fitted with six castors, double and larger have nine.

For much more further associated information, see Construction.

Alternative Contents
unavailable, non-preferred, or not recommended)

Innerspring Units
Continuous spring unit.
This design appeared in the late 1960s, was not popular and, due to the light-weight gauge wire, is subject to  subject to wire fatigue.
Not recommended.

Pocket spring unit.
A straight barrel spring, classically individually encased in a calico pocket and then hand stitched or ring-clipped at the four compass points of the spring-top, and, similarly, four on the bottom.
Usually finished with a ring-clipped edge frame at the top and bottom, a sturdier design adds a third frame, ring-clipped at the mid-way point.
Currently, of the available modern versions of pocket spring units produced by machine, none have yet been deemed suitable for inclusion as a real bed component.
Not recommended.

The flex-a-lator is a grid of light-weight wire laid across the top of an innerspring unit to prevent low-density upholstery layers, such as foam, from settling into the spring cones.
An unnecessary component in real mattresses, the wire is merely an impediment when hand tufting.
In the 1990s, the wire was replaced with a plastic grid flex-a-lator.

Not recommended.


Sisal fibre pad
A very heavy-duty coarse
natural fibre, sisal has minimum moisture retention and very good ventilation.
The imported raw fibre was fully processed in Australia and although renewable, recyclable and biodegradable., it was
chemically treated for quarantine requirements.

This heavy-weight foundation pad was imported and processed by Fibertex P/L, Alexandria, for a major mattress manufacturer, and but is no longer available.

Jute fibre pad
A medium weight pad in jute, a
natural fibre with low moisture retention and good ventilation.

Not available.

Needled Cotton Pad
A medium weight pad in cotton.

This example is a high quality European pad, and not locally available.

Cotton Flock Pad
Flock is recycled fabric off-cuts, largely from the fashion industry, that have been shredded, teased, and blended.
It is mostly cotton, but, depending on seasonal  fluctuations, can include a mixture of fibres.
As a result of the blending of range of The mixture of dyed trreads, the end product is mostly grey.
Previously used in fabric, these fibres are long staple length and is a superior component to cotton linters, see below.
Used only occasionally in real mattresses or bases, as required.

Cotton Linters Pad
Cotton linters (or lintas) are short staple length cotton fibres, unsuitable for the production of thread, mostly used in Australia in the production of paper.
Commonly said to be used in futon mattresses, producersoften add a portion of polyester fibre to counter this cotton's very low resiliance.
Cotton linters are used only rarely, and only as required, in real mattresses, such as commissioned fully hand-sticthed day beds.
Biodegradeable and Australian grown and manufactured.

Generally, not recommended.

Standard-Premium foams
Polyurethane Foams
A petroleum by-product, available in eight different densities:

SSI9-40 is a standard density foam commonly used in quilting, and "is not recommended for any seating application,"
see below.

N30-130 is the most common general foam, popular in mattresses and caravan bedding, rated as a premium density foam.

Only HR36-110, a high density foam designed to give a softer initial feel with deep down support, is used in real mattresses.
It is fire rated and conforms with all commercial standards., and is typically used for commercial cushioning, commercial backs, and office furniture.

High Density

No Image
Polyester fibre
A man-made lightweight fibre of minimal reliance, its use is ubiquous in modern upholstery manufacture.
Rather than "non-prefered," polyester fibre has no place in a real mattress.

Definitely, not recommended.

Blended wool-polyester fibre

Wool-polyester fibre is available in a range of blends, invariably at a substantial reduction in
the manufacturer's input cost, see polyester fibre above.

Low-density polyester foam (quilting)
This is most regularly used in modern mattresses as the top comfort layer, effectively the sleeping surface, quilted to the mattress fabric.
The low-density foam is a requirement of the high-speed quilting process.

Occasionally a layer of polyester fibre is added for a "plusher" effect
Not recommended.

Left: Various fabrics quilted in various patterns and various foam thicknesses, foam and polyester. top right.

Hand-quilted realbeds border, bottom left (recommended).

No image Memory foam
Developed by NASA to facilitate sleeping astronauts , it stabilizes the sleeping position
in zero-gravity by depressing around the body in response to body-heat.
Some clients have reported some difficulties with the product, mostly caused by excessive "over-heating."

Definitely, not recommended.

Pine Timber Base Frame
- commonly marketed as an "upholstered" base.

Also: cardboard, 9mm foam, cotton fabric border, and melded fabric top, with twin-wheel castors.

Not recommended.

Innerspring Mattresses
Topper Overlays

Three generations of mattress-making.